SOC 205 WEEK 2 QUIZ 1
The U.S. Courts of Appeals do not have jurisdiction in
appeals from the Securities and Exchange Commission.
cases appealed from the U.S. district courts.
cases that have not first been argued in some other forum.
Which of the following types of cases would generally not be brought to federal court?
illegal importation of narcotics
violations of the U.S. postal laws.
In order for the U.S. trial courts to have jurisdiction in a case, what must happen?
federal question must be raised
indictment must be obtained
declaratory judgment must be rendered
political question must be involved
Provided that there is a substantial federal question, appeals from the highest court in a state may be heard in the U.S. ______.
Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit
courts of appeals
The rule of four refers to the requirement that
at least four courts of appeals must join in a request for certification from the U.S. Supreme Court before it will exercise appellate jurisdiction.
all state court systems include at least four levels of courts.
a writ of certiorari from the U.S. Supreme Court must be supported by at least four justices.
only four cases of any one type may be heard by the US Supreme Court in one session.
For all intents and purposes, what determine the types of issues and cases the federal and state courts will hear?
presidents and governors
administrative offices of the courts
Congress and the state legislatures
What addresses the relationship that individuals and institutions have with the state as a sovereign entity.
Which of the following functions of law best describes the reason for the creation of police departments, district attorneys’ offices, and jails?
providing order and predictability in society
protecting individuals and property
providing for the general welfare
Administrative law and constitutional law are categories of ____ law.
In 1835, who observed that “there is hardly a political question in the United States which does not sooner or later turn into a judicial one.”
Alexis de Tocqueville
What is the type of law enacted by a legislative body?
Article 3 of the Constitution states that “The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the ___ may from time to time ordain and establish.
When presenting a case before the Supreme Court. approximately how long does each side have?
as much time as necessary
What kind of courts are federal courts?
What happens when the chief justice votes with the minority?
the most junior justice in the majority assigns the writing of the Court’s opinion.
he or she assigns the writing of the Court’s opinion to a justice who voted with the majority.
he or she writes a concurring opinion.
the most senior justice in the majority assigns the writing of the Court’s opinion.
The Ninth Circuit includes which two states?
Texas and Louisiana.
Illinois and Indiana.
Michigan and Ohio.
California and Arizona.
What happens when the Supreme Court justices meet in conference?
only their law clerks are allowed to be in the room with them.
they discuss cases that were argued earlier in the week.
the senior associate justice keeps an official record of the discussions.
the most junior justice presides and offers an opinion first in each case.
The Supreme Court alternates between hearing cases and writing decisions approximately every two weeks. These two periods of the court cycle are called _____ and ______.
Each year, the formal session of the Supreme Court begins on the ____ and lasts until the business of the term is completed.
20th of January
first Monday in October
Tuesday after the first Monday of November
Wednesday after Labor Day
A quorum for a decision on a case in the Supreme Court is ____ members.
The total number of appellate filings in state courts each year is around ____ cases.
District, circuit, and superior are all names for what type of court?
trial courts of limited jurisdiction
trial courts of general jurisdiction
intermediate appellate courts
courts of last resort
The greatest number of cases entering the state court systems falls into which of the following case categories?
The handling of criminal cases in state trial courts involves judges, prosecutors, and defense attorneys. These members of the trial court organization are commonly referred to as the
courtroom work group.
Which type of court consists of 85 percent of all courts in the United States?
Trial courts of limited jurisdiction
Trial courts of general jurisdiction
Intermediate appellate courts
Courts of last resort