Discussion | NURS 6670 – Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner Role II: Adults and Older Adults | Walden University

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2 REFERENCES

Interview Format Preceptor for Initial Interview of Client

An initial interview is used to gathered useful information from the client by asking individuals questions. A formal introduction is the first step in the interview (George et al., 2018). In initial interviewing, the preceptor makes the environment in which individuals feel comfortable so that relevant information is revealed. The preceptor generally gathers information about current problems and demographic information. Marital status, employment, and race or ethnicity information and problems affecting functioning, frequency of the problem, and previous attempts to solve problems are the information therapists gathered. More questions about current medications, social support, and medical history are asked. The information collected during the initial interview affects the treatment plan, so communication should be accurate and honest. The initial interview conducted during the counseling process can be useful in assessing client issues.

            Communication skills of therapists make the initial interview more effective. Open-ended questions may allow clients to express their feelings and thoughts and answer questions in their own words. Meaningful questions will reduce defensiveness from the client during the interview. At the end of the interview, the provider is required to thank the client for interviewing for the position and save all information (Slade & Sergent, 2021). Also, the provider should reflect on what went wrong and what did not go well for the next interview.

Most Helpful Element in Interview Format

The most helpful element of the interview format is communication skills. Communication plays a vital role in healthcare organizations as without communication no further actions can be taken. Communication can be both verbal and nonverbal depending on the situation (Chichirez & Purcarea, 2018; Sadock et al., 2014). Nonverbal communication includes eye contact, posture, and time used while communicating interest in the job. Effective communication creates comfort and trust level between the healthcare providers and patients and enables a smooth treatment process in future and increases positive results. These results improve the patients’ functional position after treatment. Verbal communication includes the information gathered in the form of both spoken and written communication (Vogel, Meyer, & Harendza, 2018). Although communicating with a patient seems very easy, actually it takes knowledge and practice to communicate with the patient to obtain a complete history. Confidence, level of comfort, and personality of some healthcare providers make are a variety of reasons that creates difficulty in communication while some can naturally communicate with patients more effectively. Communication skills take time to learn and develop. In the field of healthcare, communication is base on accuracy and correct information must be delivered. Communication between patients and healthcare providers affects patient care and safety.

References

Chichirez, C., & Purcarea, V. (2018). Interpersonal communication in healthcare. Journal of Medicine and Life, 11(2), 119-122. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6101690.

George, M., Avila, M., Speranger, T., Bailey, H. K., & Silvers, W. S. (2018). Conducting an integrative health interview. The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice, 6(2), 436-439. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaip.2017.11.029.

Sadock, B. J., Sadock, V. A., & Ruiz, P. (2014). Kaplan & Sadock’s synopsis of psychiatry: Behavioral sciences/clinical psychiatry (11th ed.). Wolters Kluwer.

Slade, S., & Sergent, S. (2021). Interview techniques. StatPearls Publishing. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK526083.

Vogel, D., Meyer, M., & Harendza, S. (2018). Verbal and non-verbal communication skills including empathy during history taking of undergraduat

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